How To Create A Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) In Django

Two-factor authentication (2FA) module in Django using the django-two-factor-auth package:

Step 1: Install Required Packages Install the django-two-factor-auth package, which provides 2FA functionality in Django. You can install it using pip:

					pip install django-two-factor-auth

Step 2: Configure the Application In your Django project, open the file and add the following configurations:

    # Other installed apps...

    # Other middleware...


LOGIN_URL = 'two_factor:login'
LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL = 'two_factor:profile'

TWO_FACTOR_CALL_GATEWAY = 'two_factor.gateways.twilio.gateway.Twilio'
TWO_FACTOR_TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID = 'your_twilio_account_sid'
TWO_FACTOR_TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN = 'your_twilio_auth_token'

In this example, we configure the required settings for the django-two-factor-auth package, including the installed apps, middleware, authentication backends, login URLs, and Twilio settings for phone call verification.

Step 3: Run Migrations Run the following command to apply the migrations for the django-two-factor-auth package:

					python migrate

Step 4: Enable 2FA for Users To enable 2FA for users, you can use the built-in User model provided by Django. You can either create a custom user model or extend the existing User model. Here’s an example:

					from django.contrib.auth.models import AbstractUser
from django_otp.models import SideChannelDevice

class CustomUser(AbstractUser):
    otp_device = SideChannelDevice()

    class Meta:
        swappable = 'AUTH_USER_MODEL'

In this example, we create a custom user model called CustomUser by extending the AbstractUser model. The otp_device field represents the OTP device associated with the user for 2FA.

Step 5: Protect Views with 2FA To protect views with 2FA, you can use the @otp_required decorator provided by the django-two-factor-auth package. Here’s an example:

					from two_factor.decorators import otp_required

def my_view(request):
    # Your view logic here

In this example, the @otp_required decorator is applied to the my_view function-based view. It ensures that the user must authenticate using 2FA before accessing the view.

Step 6: Customize 2FA Templates The django-two-factor-auth package provides default templates for the 2FA views. You can customize these templates by creating your own templates in your Django project’s templates directory.

Please note that this is a basic example of a two-factor authentication module in Django using the django-two-factor-auth package. You can further customize the module, such as using alternative 2FA methods, customizing the verification process, or implementing backup token functionality, based on your specific requirements.